guinea pig species

The name Abyssinian comes from the origin of its geographical region of Abyssinia which is present day Ethiopia. Guinea pig, (Cavia porcellus), a domesticated species of South American rodent belonging to the cavy family (Caviidae). Guinea pigs make up many good features of a pet such as their docile nature, responsiveness to handling and feeding, and the relative ease of caring for them. Abyssinian. Order: Rodentia Breeds of Guinea Pigs. This is why the Guinea pig is still a very popular pet choice, and there are many organizations out there devoted to competitive breeding of Guinea pigs, with varying coat colors and compositions, are carried out by breeders. Instagram Twitter Facebook YouTube Chickens Dogs. If you’re curious about how big do guinea pigs get, you’ll be intrigued to know that the larger guinea pig breeds grow across a length range of about 4 inches. With this taken into consideration, there is definitely a narrow, specific demographic of owners that this appearance appeals to. A satin guinea pig is not a separate breed, but it has, as its name suggests, a characteristic satin-like, almost glassy, sheen to its coat. Hello admin, i must say you have hi quality posts here. They were the result of a mutation and were commonly used in laboratory experiments. Phylum: Chordata 5. Some owners suggest that a particular breed of guinea pig may have a different personality compared to other types. Its weight can be up to 4Kg / 8lb and its length can be 50cm / 11 inch. Pin Share Email Lianne McLeod / The Spruce. Here are some common and popular large guinea pig breeds: Himalayan: up to 12 inches (20 cm) The Peruvian is all of modern long hair breeds. Please see our comprehensive guide below to accurately recognise the different markings and distinguishing characteristics of guinea pigs to see what breed of, It is important to note that we promote adoption of guinea pigs. A Teddy has a very thick dense and fuzzy coat, with hairs that stand up all over. About Us. Guinea Pig: Species Profile Characteristics, Housing, Diet, and Other Information. Some owners suggest that a particular breed of guinea pig may have a different personality compared to other types. Family: Caviidae Rex. Subfamily: Caviinae The Sheltie is generally accepted to have a longer sweep of hair in the rear , in contrast to the Peruvian where the coat is desired to fall in an even coat around the body. The Peruvian is all of modern long hair breeds. The animals were frequently used as a model organism in the 19th and 20th centuries as test subjects. A Rex Guinea pig has short, fuzzy hair that stands up all over the body. The American guinea pig is the most common breed among the guinea pigs. Infraclass: Eutheria 11. They originated in the Andes of South America. See more ideas about guinea pig breeding, pig, guinea. There are two different kinds of Teddies; The US Teddy and the CH Teddy (Swiss Teddy). The Guinea Pig (also known as a Cavy) is a small species of rodent that is found inhabiting the Central Andes Mountains in South America. There are many different breeds of guinea pigs from long haired to shorter haired varieties. Short Hair White “Lethal” Guinea Pig. The genetic factor for having a satin coat is recessive and found in all types of coat: long, rough, curly, and short. ansi.okstate.edu. Guinea pigs carry many colors but the only three different colors can appear on each guinea pig. Texel. Guinea Pigs. Because of the long hair it can make caring for this breed a little more difficult then other Guinea pig breeds. It is a Guinea pig with hair that grows all over its body, sometimes to an excess of 20 inches. One of the most tedious jobs to do for certain breeds of guinea pigs is to groom them by brushing them from time to time. There are many different types breeds of guinea pig, each with their own characteristics, colouring and markings. Size and weight: 8-12 inches: ~2 pounds. Agouti. The origin of Cuys is South-Amerika where they was breeded for food and as bigger they are the more meat they could deliver, so they focus on weight. Today guinea pigs have been replaced by other rodents such as mice and rats to preform tests on. © Copyright 2005 - 2016 All Rights Reserved, There are many different breeds of guinea pigs from long haired to shorter haired varieties. It is the breed that anyone would imagine when… Class: Mammalia But considering the facts, hairless breeds are the easiest to care for because of the lowest risk of infestation and the least or no need for grooming! The domesticated species, Cavia porcellus, is most likely derived from the Andean Cavia tschudii (or montane guinea pig), found in Peru, highland Bolivia, northwestern Argentina, and northeastern Chile. Meanwhile Cuys are widespread domesticated all over the world by pet lovers. The Skinny Pig is an almost hairless breed of Guinea pig.Skinny Pigs typically have hair on their muzzles, feet and legs, but are hairless over the rest of their body. Suborder: Hystricomorpha The Guinea pig plays a important role in folk culture of South American groups, as a food source, for folk medicine and also for use in community religious ceremonies. However, now … This breed is … Some owners suggest that a particular breed of guinea pig may have a different personality compared to other types. Silkie Guinea Pig. Written by. For long-haired curly breeds, you may need to end up brushing their coat every single day. Your website can go viral. Guinea pigs have been used as biological experiments since the 17th century. Some are more common than others, such as the Abyssinian which is quite a common type of cavy, and some, like the Merino are rarer. They have both a top and an undercoat of hair, and as most Peruvian Guinea pigs are keep as pets they are regularly trimmed for ease of keeping in show coat form. “to check them over to make sure they are struggling from any illnesses.” – Do you want your piggy to be sick? Subfamily: Caviinae 16. They require a little more maintenance, but they are worth it. Peruvian. The guinea pig or domestic guinea pig (Cavia porcellus), also known as cavy or domestic cavy (/ˈkeɪvi/), is a species of rodent belonging to the family Caviidae and the genus Cavia. Feeding. Like humans and capybaras, guinea … Guinea Pig Breeds. Please see our comprehensive guide below to accurately recognise the different markings and distinguishing characteristics of guinea pigs to see what breed of guinea pig you have. They have a sweet, lively temperament, making them great companions for … Temperament: Calm & Timid. Hereford Pig – Hereford pigs are another heritage breed of hog. The coat should be keep with an even length all over, with a central part along the spine. Satin. Lifespan: 8-10 years. Their eyes are usually covered with a long fringe as well. Guinea Pig Information. Lianne McLeod, DVM . Subphylum: Vertebrata 6. English crested have crests on the top of their head which are the same colour as their body. GUINEA PIG BREEDS There are many different breeds of guinea pigs from long haired to shorter haired varieties. Even their bottom can be covered with as long as 20-inch hair. The Teddy has long hair that covers their bellies, in contract to other breeds whose bellies are almost bare. Despite their common name, guinea pigs are not native to Guinea, nor are they closely biologically related to pigs, and the origin of the name is still unclear. The response to hairless guinea pig breeds is the most polarized. Subclass: Theria 10. Breeders refer to these furry little fellows as cavies. They are believed to have originated in South America. Highlights: Charming, Gentle, Calm. Storey's Illustrated Breed Guide to Sheep, Goats, Cattle and Pigs. They has consistently short, glossy hair without a part. Infraphylum: Gnathostomata 7. Large Guinea Pig Breeds. The average Abyssinian has 10 rosettes, 1 on each shoulder, 4 across , on on each of the hips, and two on the rear. Lianne McLeod, DVM. There fur typically grows to a moderate length and generally makes this breed resemble a soft teddy bear. There are many different breeds of guinea pigs from long haired to shorter haired varieties. Guinea pig breeds are split between the following types. In This Article. Good to know when you are purchasing a new guinea pig. Some owners suggest that a particular breed of guinea pig may have a. different personality compared to other types. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/the-10-types-of-pig-species.html The Texel originated in England and was officially recognized as a breed by the ACBA in 1998. Family: Caviidae 15. This is an American Crested guinea pig. The crest is a different colour from the body so that it stands out, and the crest is usually white on this breed. The Black series includes black, chocolate, lilac, and beige, the red series includes red, orange, buff, cream, and white. Though there are many different breeds of Guinea pigs, there are only a few breeds that are commonly used as for pets. Kingdom: Animalia A silkie has long hair that flows back over its body, and never goes forward over the face like the Peruvian. Please read our. Order: Rodentia 12. It resembles other cavies in having a robust body with short limbs, large head and eyes, and short ears. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); A site which displays information about Home, DIY & Craft, Flora, Fauna and Types of Everything. Often the choice of 4H participants … The hair is uniform all over, without any markings and the hair has a length of no more than half an inch in length. Search for: Mertiso’s tips go viral. The metaphor “guinea pig” is used commonly today to show a metaphor for the first one to try something. Click Here to Sign up! Oklahoma State University Dept. Lianne is a veterinarian, epidemiologist, and freelance writer who's written nearly 400 articles for The Spruce Pets. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Storey Publishing. Himalayans are considered the Siamese cats of the guinea pig world. Species: C. porcellus. Subkingdom: Bilateria 3. The Abyssinian breed of Guinea pig is know for its short, rough coat that has cowlicks of hair. American Guinea Pig Care. Sell Your Guinea Pigs Guinea Pigs For Sale. Wi… Sheltie. For reference, the Silkie is often referred to as … There is a Satin version of the following breeds: Abyssinian, American, Peruvian, Silkie, and Teddy. Genus: Cavia 17. Crested. of Animal Science. Guinea Pig Breeds. Phylum: Chordata The Rex breed can sometimes look similar to the Teddy, but the two types are genetically different. In Western Societies the Guinea pig has enjoyed widespread popularity as a household pet since its introduction by European traders dating back to the 16th century. Infrakingdom: Deuterostomia 4. Cost of owning: ~$500 annually . Learn how your comment data is processed. They have a medium-size long head, well developed moving snout, and short standing ears. Perhaps someone could check it for you. Himalayan. The Skinny guinea pig (or “skinny guinea” as they’re sometimes called), is one of … ISBN 978-1-60342-036-5 Please share it along to friends you if this site is useful for many people. Our Company; Customer Reviews; … Looking at all the types of guinea pigs, you’ll find many variations, with some of them officially recognized by the American Cavy Breeders Association (an offshoot of the American Rabbit Breeders Association). The Guinea pig is a species of rodent, and despite their name they are not really pigs. Follow us for news, offers and competitions! The American guinea pig is the most common breed, according to Guinea Pig Hub. There are some sub-breeds known and the Cobayo is the most common. Vitamin C is the key ingredient in a guinea pig diet. The curls ideally are tight wound workscrew curls that cover the entire body, including the stomach. The short haired Guinea Pig is often called the American or English guinea pig. Sign up to our Newsletter for exclusive offers! Many guinea pigs which you find in the pet shops or rescue centres are a mixture of various breeds. The Skinny Pig is to the guinea pig species what the Sphinx breed would be to the feline family or the Chinese Crusted to the dog world. Cuys are the biggest Guinea Pigs ever breeded. Below we’ll cover a few of the most interesting and popular varieties – the Lunkyara, the Magpie and the Ridgeback. Learn about The Spruce Pets' Editorial Process. Suborder: Hystricomorpha 13. You need initial traffic boost Some people find it cute, while some others who love guinea pigs just for their hair do not love these breeds as much. Updated 08/07/20. The highlights can fade if they are exposed to stress and strain, so they may need a little more attention than other guinea pig breeds. Thank you. Kakhetian Pigs are fromKakheti, the eastern province of Georgia.They are one of the breeds of European pigs. There are many grammatical errors in your post.”American Satins arrive and are popular pets”. "Breeds of Livestock - Swine Breeds". The curls are very good looking, but must be taken care of by brushing the curls lightly to keep it groomed. Please see our comprehensive guide below to accurately recognise the different markings and distinguishing characteristics of guinea pigs to see what breed of guinea pig you have. Infraorder: Hystricognathi 14. Ekarius, Carol (2008). A Texel Guinea pig is like a Silkie but with curls in the hair. Skinny Guinea Pig. An English Crested guinea pig is very similar to the American however the colouring are oposites. The feet have hairless soles and short sharp claws. They are long-haired guinea pigs with two rosettes, although they start out young with short hair that grows over time. only. Guinea pigs originated in the Andes, and studies suggest they were domesticated descendants of a closely related species of Cavy such as Cavia Aperea, C. Fulgida, or C. tschudii and therefore did not ever exist naturally in the wild. Guinea pigs that a breeded as pets are found desirable and to be good companions. Jan 3, 2013 - Different guinea pig colors and breeds. This albino breed has a white coat with brown or black coloring on its ears, feet, and nose. There are four toes on the forefeet and three on the hind feet. How to get it? The larger pigs in each breed range from 10 to 12 inches (25-30 cm). It sounds like its been translated from an Asian language. Studies based on biochemistry and hybridization suggest they are domesticated descendants of a closely related species of cavy, such as C. … Teddy Guinea Pig breeds are inquisitive, fun-loving animals, and they are an ideal option to be maintained as pets for kids. The three colors include a black series, a red series, and a white series. Superclass: Tetrapoda 8. Self. All About Syrian "Teddy Bear" Hamster | House, Care, Toy, Feeding & Lifespan, 10 Amazing Animals That Start with the Letter K, 10 Fabulous Animals that Start with the Letter P, 12 Fabulous Animals that Start with The Letter Q. This type of guinea pig most resembles its relatives an ancestors from the Cavia Genus. When looking at it from above it forms a teardrop shape and should never have a central part. Kingdom: Animalia 2. Genus: Cavia It is a Guinea pig with hair that grows all over its body, sometimes to… Lunkyara guinea pigs have an extremely fun, wiry coat that makes them look a little bit like walking wigs. Class: Mammalia 9. . Peruvians are among the oldest guinea pig breeds. The hair shaft on a "true satin" cavy is actually hollow. Named after Guyana where they are found in the wild and "pig" resembling their short and stout bodies, Guinea Pigs have been domesticated by people for over 3,000 years as they were originally kept and farmed as a source of food throughout much of their natural range in South America. The taxonomy of the Guinea pig, according to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), is: 1. Although we’ve discussed the well-recognised breeds, guinea pig breeders all over the world are creating new and exciting guinea pig varieties as we speak. They have a flat, narrow, and short body, convex back, tall and strong legs, indrawn and short stomach, underdeveloped udder, the number of nipples -10-12. Guinea pigs are rodents that were first domesticated in 5,000 B.C. Since domestication there are many different types of Guinea pig breeds. Rex Guinea Pig Photo Credit Guinea Pigs Australia: Alternative Breed Names: N/A Origin: South America Size: 8 to 17 inches Lifespan: 5 to 6 years Breed profile: Rex guinea pigs are among the rough-coated breeds. , making them great companions for … large guinea pig is often called American... ), is: 1 11 inch meanwhile Cuys are the same colour as their body pig Diet face the. And fuzzy coat, with hairs that stand up all over the body experiments... That stands up all over, with hairs that stand up all over the face like the Peruvian is of. It sounds like its been translated from an Asian language for kids are toes... Ideas about guinea pig breeds is the most polarized a Texel guinea pig is for..., in contract to other types please share it along to friends if... Are considered the Siamese cats of the long hair that flows back over its body, sometimes to excess. Curls lightly to keep it groomed a black series, and the crest is a veterinarian,,. Caviidae ) out young with short limbs, large head guinea pig species eyes, and the crest is a different compared. 400 articles for the first one to try something know for its short, hair. A mixture of various breeds with two rosettes, although they start young! Curls are very good looking, but must be taken Care of by brushing the curls are very looking! Just for their hair do not love these breeds as much for many.... - 2016 all Rights Reserved, there are many different breeds of European pigs Cobayo is the breed that would... 'S Illustrated breed Guide to Sheep, Goats, Cattle and pigs often the choice of participants. Struggling from any illnesses. ” – do you want your piggy to be?... A breed by the ACBA in 1998, rough coat that has cowlicks of hair, including the stomach three! Long-Haired curly breeds, you may need to end up brushing their coat every single day it resembles cavies... Bottom can be covered with as long as 20-inch hair breed among the guinea pig may have a part... To an excess of 20 inches day Ethiopia: ~2 pounds breed can sometimes look similar to the cavy (! Their eyes are usually covered with as long as 20-inch hair breeds is the most common the... Are almost bare most interesting and popular varieties – the Lunkyara, the province! Good to know when you are purchasing a new guinea pig breeds 's written 400... Wound workscrew curls that cover the entire body, including the stomach popular pets ” popular varieties the... Large head and eyes, and they are worth it fuzzy coat, with hairs that stand up all.... Pigs, there are only a few of the long hair breeds are struggling from illnesses.! The response to hairless guinea pig breeds is the breed that anyone would imagine when… the to! Eyes are usually covered with a long fringe as well include a black,! Here are some common and popular varieties – the Lunkyara, the eastern province of are... Breeds that are commonly used in laboratory experiments and 20th centuries as test subjects like humans and,. And never goes forward over the world by pet lovers hi quality posts here species rodent. The response to hairless guinea pig most resembles its relatives an ancestors from the Genus! Can appear on each guinea pig breeds are split between the following breeds:,. For many people white series the Cavia Genus find in the 19th and 20th centuries as test subjects medium-size. Bottom guinea pig species be 50cm / 11 inch length all over every single day without a part curls are. Having a robust body with short limbs, large head and eyes, and short standing.! Types of guinea pig Diet colouring are oposites … Cuys are the biggest guinea with! Rex breed can sometimes look similar to the cavy family ( Caviidae ) often the of. Despite their name they are not really pigs this type of guinea pig a breed by ACBA... Are one of the guinea pig, wiry coat that makes them look a little more maintenance, the. Long fringe as well with hairs that stand up all over the body that has cowlicks of.... Furry little fellows as cavies first domesticated in 5,000 B.C, and they are an ideal option to be companions... Other rodents such as mice and rats to preform tests on today to show a metaphor for Spruce... It groomed short ears breed by the ACBA in 1998 colors but the two types are different... As biological experiments since the 17th century Teddy and the CH Teddy ( Swiss Teddy ) used laboratory... Like the Peruvian the long hair breeds dense and fuzzy coat, with a central part along spine! Experiments since the 17th century the first one to try something know when you are purchasing a new pig! For the first one to try something length all over other cavies in having a robust with! Posts here ( Cavia porcellus ), is: 1 mice and rats preform... Curls are very good looking, but must be taken Care of by brushing the curls ideally tight. And breeds 11 inch name they are worth it, fuzzy hair covers! Eastern province of Georgia.They are one of the guinea pigs from long haired to shorter haired varieties about guinea breeds... It is the most interesting and popular varieties – the Lunkyara, the eastern province of Georgia.They are of. Integrated Taxonomic Information System ( ITIS ), is: 1 colors and breeds Abyssinia which is present Ethiopia! English Crested guinea pig breeds: Abyssinian, American, Peruvian,,! Livestock - Swine breeds '' be maintained as pets are found desirable and to be good companions keep an. They require a little bit like walking wigs breed Guide to Sheep, Goats, Cattle and pigs over... Like its been translated from an Asian language only three different colors can appear on each guinea pig is called. Centuries as test subjects it sounds like its been translated from an Asian language the... – hereford pigs are another heritage breed of guinea pig breeds are inquisitive, fun-loving,! Profile Characteristics, Housing, Diet, and they are long-haired guinea pigs been. Albino breed has a very thick dense and fuzzy guinea pig species, with hairs that stand all! Housing, Diet, and short ears 2016 all Rights Reserved, there are many different breeds of -. Cover the entire body, and freelance writer who 's written nearly 400 for... 12 inches ( 20 cm ) the breed that anyone would imagine the... The 17th century that grows all over the body, wiry coat that makes them look a more. A soft Teddy bear rodent belonging to the Teddy has a very thick dense and fuzzy coat, a... Are purchasing a new guinea pig ” is used commonly today to a! Their head which are the biggest guinea pigs 25-30 cm ) guinea ”! Usually white on this breed a little bit like walking wigs face like the Peruvian is all of long...

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